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1, Sermon 11
12:1-51 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your
shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it
in haste: it is the LORD'S passover.
2:21 And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising
of the child, his name was called JESUS, which was so named of the
angel before he was conceived in the womb.
22:8 And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the
passover, that we may eat.
sermon is to
show how the whole Bible hinges upon Luke 2:21 (which verse is
within that chapter). The verse very
briefly reveals The
Hinge (i.e. the center
of God's Plan of the Ages). This
Hinge passage very briefly explains
where and how the Son of God arrived to make his Debut to Israel and
to the world.
Yet, for this particular sermon,
the above primary passages are indented.
First let us momentarily consider The Hinge that joins Old and
New to One (as God the Father and the Son are One).
Yet, by itself The Hinge explains little. It is like a solid
strong Door Frame having a Hinge from which hangs a solid
strong Door. (Christ Jesus stated that he is 'the door'.) That
which (time-wise) is behind the Door Frame is a great deal of
spiritual information regarding Almighty God, Creation, the Promise
through Abraham of 'the Lord' to come, the Making of Israel,
etc. The future Door Frame (i.e. New Testament Hinge) became
symbolized by the ancient blood-smeared door frames of the Israelites
in Goshen. Indeed, everything that God (Father and Son together) has
revealed of Himself unto mankind before the (time-wise)
occurrence of The Hinge is written for all of God's people
(i.e. Old Testament).
Moreover, in that
revealing God was and is revealed only through the Son as
'the Lord'. The previous sermons to this
sermon dealt with some of the aspects of this revealing of God the
Father only by means of the Son.
Son only made plain this aspect of God's Plan of the Agers
when he arrived and walked among his own people. As 'the door
to the sheep fold', the Son's blood became smeared upon him in much
suffering unto the Cross.
then, we shall leave Luke 2:21
to go to the Old Side of The Hinge
toward the Exodus passage; and then we shall concentrate upon the
Crucifixion and Resurrection in Luke
22 and 23 represented above by Luke
length of this sermon required me to become more organized. Thus, a
list of subtopics appear here and at the end where each subtopic is a
link to the subtopic in the text. When finished you can quickly
return to any subject.
Also near the end of this sermon is a Chart
of The Holy Week of Unleavened Bread
within which Christ Jesus was
Crucified. It ends with Resurrection
Day (1st day of the Israel's following week [our Monday]). There is
much scriptural information and some in my own words added with
information using Strong's Number System. Please read carefully, and
in parts, over perhaps an extended time. You can download this to
your computer and/or print it for longer study. This
foretold-and-worked-out Subject of Crucifixion and Resurrection is
the very center of Christianity ... even more so of the Promise to
links to them at the end of the sermon)
/ The 'eight days' / Matthew 27 and Psalms 22 / The Lunar Calendar /
Passover and Week of Unleavened Bread / Exodus 12 / Deuteronomy 16 /
Passover Week in New Testament / Luke 22 and 23 / The Day of
Crucifixion / Summing up / Summary for Chart / Chart / About Day of
Note the 'eight days' in
Luke 2:2 (i.e. the Hinge) in that it is regarding the announcement of
the arrival of the very Son of God to the light of worldly day. On
the one hand, when circumcised the babe had been thrust into the
world of Israel and the Mosaic Law ... and on the other hand, when
given the name JESUS by the angel Gabriel the babe had been thrust
down from heaven onto earth. And then some thirty-three years later
Jesus according to 'eight days' began at his arrest in the garden
which extended unto his Resurrection ... the dawn after the Festival
of Unleavened Bread (our Sunday). Therefore, the latter 'eight days'
was the reverse of the former 'eight days' ... in that by his
Resurrection he became thrust back into heaven ... there to receive
his Reward of Inheritance for his Kingship and Kingdom to come.
During Jesus' earthly life, Heaven manipulated everything such that
the Messiah was humble in all of his circumstance (i.e. confined
within his assignment). And later, even braiding a whip to drive out
the money changers from the temple had been inspired and assigned to
him by the Father (Jesus said, 'All of my actions and words are the
Father's'). Though 'the Lord' of all the legions of heaven, Christ
Jesus submitted to the Will of the Father in all of his assignment.
Indeed, he even submitted to the Father's enemies.
Please note that Jesus walked true to the Mosaic Law (which he
himself had designed and given to Moses for his people Israel) and
true to the Father, and thus true amid his assignment within God's
Plan of the Ages.
Scripture does not give the
time of year when the angel Gabriel appeared to Zechariah and so we
do not know the time of year for the Holy Birth (the Hinge). But we
do know the time of year of the Crucifixion and the Resurrection.
Scripture gives much information regarding both of these 'eight days'
of Christ 'the Lord's' coming down and going up. That is, God wants
us to know and understand and honour that which he reveals to us in
its season. The previous Sermons from number four and later is about
'The Whole Christ'. These have been coming at intervals amid what
would seem to be odd passages of study for such a subject; which is
why I did not recognize anything of this series until several sermons
had been placed upon the website.
aspects of the series are Christ had arrived on earth according to
God's Plan of the Ages and he came not as a human of the lineage of
sinful Adam. Instead he came as Deity directly from heaven, yet in
the form of a human. When he arrived, Christ Jesus, the Son of God,
was not of fallen earth; thus he was not a sinner. Only a heavenly
sacrifice to be accomplished on earth could accomplish the salvation
of men on earth ... as preached extensively by the Apostle Paul in
his quotations in writings from his Bible.
Much Scripture Old and New about 'The Whole Christ' has been covered
in the series to this point. As usual, I aml be using Strong's
Numbering System in the software e–sword.
( I began working this sermon
opened my Bible to this passage. )
Matthew 27:35 And
they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it
might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my
garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
27:36-40 And sitting down they watched him
And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE
KING OF THE JEWS. Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one
on the right hand, and another on the left. And they that passed by
reviled him, wagging their heads, And saying, Thou that destroyest
the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be
the Son of God, come down from the cross.
Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and
elders, said, He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the
King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will
believe him. He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will
have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.
clearly heard Jesus regarding the '3 days'. Moreover, the
chief priests with scribes and elders had fully understood that Jesus
claimed by word and deed to be 'the Son of God'. With physical
eyes they saw Jesus as no human they had ever seen or heard of
before. Yet, they could not accept him as Christ their Messiah
from heaven because his teachings went too much against common sense
and too many were against their doctrines ... upon which their lives
and livelihoods depended.
Moreover, he had not
come as a full grown King in a full grown Kingdome ... which all of
the people were longing for ... to be relieved from the Roman empire
and again become as King David's world-honored nation.
22 [[Not long after in study I came upon these words of
David which became to Israel a great prophesy of the coming Messiah.
I will include only the verses needed here, adding a few comments
Psalm 22:1 To the chief Musician upon
Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David.
My God, my God, why
hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from
the words of my roaring?
The word 'God'
is 'strength, mighty one' often used as the Almighty One. Yet,
to stay with the theme of this passage let us stay with 'strength'.
The word 'forsaken' is 'loosed' as in 'permitting it
to happen'. The word 'far' is 'remote'. The word
'roaring' is 'rumbling, like as sound of moaning'.
Strength, my Strength, why have you loosed me, permitting this? Why
are you so remote from me and from helping me, and (remote) from the
words of my moaning?"
O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the
night season, and (I) am not silent.
This word 'God',
unlike above, is 'Elohim' (the multi-personalitied God ... see
But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel. Our
fathers (i.e. ancient fathers of Israel) trusted in thee: they
trusted, and thou didst deliver them. They cried unto thee, and were
delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
words amid his ordeal. Yet, the Lord in dealing with David inspired
these words into outstanding prophecy that points to 'the Lord'
himself when he ... the Son of God, God of Israel ... would descend
to Israel as promised in his dealings with Abraham. The Lord designed
these words as almost a perfect quote, which he would utter on the
cross ... all according to The Plan.
But I am a worm and no man; (and) a reproach of men, and
despised of the people.
The word 'worm'
in the Greek is not 'worm' but 'maggot'. Strong tells us that
the word is not used for the larval stage of an insect, rather of a
product (dye) of red color when the larva is smashed and processed.
According to Strong, then, Scripture uses the term to mean 'red or
crimson' ... i.e. the dye and/or the dyed cloth was very
expensive. Christ upon earth was a very expensive gift to God's
people and to the world.
All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they
shake the head, saying, He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver
him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope
when I was upon my mother's breasts. I was cast upon thee from the
womb: thou art my God from my mother's belly.
The word 'cast'
means 'cast up or away'. From the beginning, then, David and
Jesus were castaways from normal human experience; each
castaway was 'cast' upon the Lord and the Lord's
Intentions. David spoke for himself; yet, 'the Lord' in heaven
arranged these words of prophesy such that 'the Lord' when
arrived to earth could quote from the people's Bible, which by the
Spirit they would comprehend. In the Olden ages after David, all
Israelites knew the words were prophecy about their King Messiah.
Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me
round. They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a
22:14-16 I am poured out like water,
and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted
in the midst of my bowels. My strength is dried up like a potsherd;
and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the
dust of death. For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked
have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. down
I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me. They part my
garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture. But be not thou
far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me.
This word 'tell'
means 'to keep account'. Having arrived to earth, Christ would
keep account of his bones, in that 'the Lord' in God's
Plan of the Ages was not going to allow his bones to become
missing or broken.
The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that
seek him: your heart shall live for ever. All the ends of the world
shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the
nations shall worship before thee. For the kingdom is the LORD'S: and
he is the governor among the nations.
22:29 All they
that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down
to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own
accurate description (prophecy) of Christ the Messiah during his last
days and hours up to and on the cross. The prophecy was not only
about how Jesus would be rejected, but by whom and just what they
would be saying in their rejection ... all according to God's Plan
of the Ages. The Matthew passage shows the absoluteness of the
in verse 6
the Lord’s prophecy declared that when he descends to earth he will
be 'no man'; but instead he would be a 'Scarlet One' of
heaven exquisitely valuable in the form of man. The
people rejecting him thought of him as a worm, thinking he was
falsely declaring by word and and somehow by deed that he was
their Messiah, Son of God. Such declaring by their Law was punishable
Is it any wonder that the ancient
church thought of Christ as a heavenly worm which in resurrection had
become a heavenly butterfly? The butterfly became an early Christian
symbol of the Resurrection.
Lunar Calendar (as it was also in the Day of Crucifixion)
In Exodus the Lord not only established the annual calendar for
Israel, a lunar calendar, but also the definition of a day (a
twenty-four hour period). The closing of a previous daytime
(sundown) became the beginning of the next day (next twenty-four hour
period). The word 'day' by itself indicates daytime
(sunup until sundown). The word 'night' is the opposite
(sundown until sunup).
also had lunar calendars, including Egypt. So the Israelites were
familiar with lunar calendars. Yet, because the Lord had believers
in 'the nations' (peoples of Abraham's lineage) he also had
plans for them such that the Mosaic Law would be a guide for those
believers. Even so, Israel would become the chosen
bearer of the Law which expressed to Israelites and to 'the
nations' what God expected of His creation and especially of his
chosen people of the lineage of Abraham.
emphasize the Lord from time to remind the reader that Christ who
came was and is 'the Lord' of Old and New Testaments) designed
Israel's calendar distinctly different to the calendars of other
nations because the Mosaic Law would operate within it until such
Time that the Law was ended. In very fact, the Lord was and is the
'Lord God of Israel' and so through the ages Israelites and
believing Gentiles made pilgrimages to Jerusalem to worship 'The
Lord God' in the holy city (Exodus 12:43-47 and 48-51). In the
Bible Lands, kings of the nations (particularly those within
Abraham's lineage) had always known of, feared, and at times
respected the God of Israel even if a king himself did not worship
functions according to cycles of the moon. Israel's calendar began
(begins) in spring. Its 1st day began when the moon appeared as
increased; that is, its small crescent-shape had broadened;
which is called 'a new moon'. Thus, by observation it was (is)
easily distinguished in the skies. Today some nations continue using
a lunar calendar. Today Israelites continue using their lunar
calendar, given of the Lord, for their Scripture-based feasts,
festivals, and holidays.
month always began with a new moon (and not because a number of days
had passed). Therefore, some months ran more days than our own modern
month of 30-31 days. This did not bother the Israelites, for each
month had its own name and its days were counted from the new moon.
prophetic book always had its date as the number of years after a
particularly important event or time in Israel's history. Once the
year was established then the month and usually day of month were
dates in Scripture are not referenced back or forward from Christ's
birth; thus, the Bible's manner of dating is unfamiliar to us. These
are facts need to best comprehend what follows. As usual I shall
place some Scripture phrases in italics as Strong gives us their
meanings; these are points to remember.
and Week of Unleavened Bread (Old Testament)
12:1,2 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of
Egypt, saying, This month (of Spring) shall be unto you the
beginning of months: it shall be the 1st month of the year to you.
spoke to Moses in the 2nd week of this 1st month.
Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth
day of this month (i.e. Tuesday as we would think of it; the 3rd
day of 2nd week) they shall take to them every man a lamb,
according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: And if
the household be too little for the lamb (to eat the whole of
it), let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it
according to the number of the souls; every man according to his
eating shall make your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without
blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the
sheep, or from the goats:
And ye shall keep it (in the house to become familiar with it and
somewhat endearing toward it) up until the fourteenth day of the
same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel (by
individual homes) shall kill it in the evening (before
sundown)... Please note that the Lord had not yet given the
Law and ofcourse there was no priesthood for killing animals and
... And they shall take of the blood, and
strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the
houses, wherein they shall eat it. And they shall eat the flesh in
that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter
herbs they shall eat it. Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with
water (i.e. boiled or as stew), but roast with fire; his head
with his legs, and with the purtenance (i.e. the in-between
parts) thereof. And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the
morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall
burn with fire. And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded,
your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall
eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover.
passover' is the Lord's Commandment for all the ages of Israel;
and note the 'bitter herbs' in the Commandment; through the
ages, the 'bitter herbs' in the meal would remind each
Israelite of the Lord using Pharaoh in forcing their fathers out of
For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite
all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and
against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
occurred the evening of the 14th day, a sabbath. Verse 12 occurred in
the night which began the 15th day … the 1st day of the
week which later would be commanded as Holy (i.e. the Week of
Unleavened Bread). So in this sermon let me emphasize that 'the
passover' itself was (is) not a day or a
season. It was (is) this particular and peculiar meal
as commanded by the Lord.
It was not
Israel's meal, but the Lord’s meal ('a memorial').
Yet later, the commandment for this Holy
Week's 7th day was a sabbath ... which would be for the people
... a sabbath-festival to celebrate the entire 7 days of the
journey by the Israelites departing their homes in Goshen for a
sabbath-festival unto their God within Egypt's wilderness, as
agreed to by Pharaoh. (Read of this in my book God's Rock ... a free
download from this website.)
By the time of the
New Testament, this Holy Week every year had become known as ‘days
of Passover’ or ‘days of unleavened bread’. Yet,
always it was exactly as described by the Lord to Moses in Exodus.
(Today we do much the same, saying,
"Christmas" meaning the season, and "Christmas Day"
for the main event or celebration.)
12 continues to explain the Lord's emphasis and importance for all
the ages of Israel; and in his days, the Lord Christ Jesus obeyed
everything of the Mosaic Law ... until his 'hour had
Lord Continues His Commandment to Moses (the full instruction)
Exodus 12:13,14 And the blood shall be to
you for a
token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will
pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you,
when I smite the land of Egypt. And this day (15th)
shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall
keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall
keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall
put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened
bread from the first day (15th) until the seventh day (21th),
that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
And in the first day (15th) there shall be (unto Me) an
holy convocation (i.e. a gathering of each family in its own
house), and in the seventh day (21th) there shall be an
holy convocation (of the people together as in the mountains of
Egypt) to you; no manner of work shall be done in them (i.e.
each of the 15th and the 21th days), save that which every man
must eat, that only may be done of you.
(Please note that the commandment was given of 'the Lord'
before yet the Israelites had even selected a lamb to be killed.)
(still daylight) of the 14th day (the Sabbath) the lamb or kid was
killed. As noted above, 'the first day' of the week of
unleavened bread began at sundown of the 14th day such that
dusk initiated 'the passover' (meal).
The Lord knew of his chastisements to the Israelites through the ages
that would scatter them among the nations. Thus, this Commandment ...
which in fact preceded the giving of the Mosaic Law ... could be kept
by each family wherever it might be located. Moreover, individuals or
a small family could be included in the home of a family in their
'passover'. Also, no work could be done during 'the
passover' except as prescribed for the meal in roasting the meat
and making unleavened bread.
In Exodus: After 6
days from their homes, the Feast (or Festival) occurred in the
daytime of the 7th day (a sabbath) in Egypt's wilderness where the
Lord had led them in Cloud by day and Fire by night; and there the
people in congregation celebrated the Feast unto their God. Several
days later, attacked by Pharaoh, the Israelites were escorted by Fire
and Cloud) from Egypt's wilderness shore through the Red Sea into the
Sinai Peninsular. (It is in the book God's Rock.)
in their Land of Promise, Israel decided to greatly celebrate
the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and so the previous day (6th day of
the Holy Week) became set as a national holiday for Israelites to
make glorious preparations, for no work could be done on Feast Day.
Thus, the 6th day became known as 'the day of preparation'. We
shall see it again below, so please take note of it here. Note that
there would be 2 feasts: 1) 'the passover' meal during which
no work could be done and 2) the 7th day the Feast during which no
work could be done. Otherwise normal work could be done.
that Jesus dearly wanted to spend that 'passover' with his
close disciples; and he commanded that wherever each apostle might be
located at this season of 'the passover' to remember his death
by 'the bread and the wine'.
And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this
selfsame day (i.e. 'strong day') have I brought your
armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day
(i.e. 'strong day') in your generations by an
ordinance for ever. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the
month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and
twentieth day of the month at even. Seven days shall there be no
leaven found in your houses (i.e. later having left Egypt):
for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be
cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or
born in the land. Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your
habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.
emphatically 'strong'; and Strong tells us that 'day'
here is not 'a specific' or 'a single day', rather
unspecific as in 'the day of the Lord'. We shall see
this below regarding Jesus' Crucifixion.
Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them,
Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the
passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the
blood that is in the bason (i.e. ‘bowl’), and strike the
lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason;
and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the
morning (dawn of 15th day).
12:23.24 For the
LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the
blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass
over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your
houses to smite you. And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance
to thee and to thy sons for ever.
12:25-28 And it shall
come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give
you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.
And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you,
What mean ye by this service? That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice
of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of
Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our
houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped. And the
children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses
and Aaron, so did they.
12:29 And it came to pass,
that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of
Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the
firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the
firstborn of cattle.
passover' (meal) in Egypt was considered accomplished. But in the
commandment for the future the family was not to leave their abode
until sunrise. Thus, normally Jesus and the disciples would remain in
the abode until sunrise. However, below we shall see that Jesus would
lead the disciples out of the upper room after midnight to continue
on to the garden where soldiers would arrest him still in darkness.
This would be a break from verse 12:22), but as already mentioned,
Jesus' 'hour had come' and he would operate per God's
Plan of the Ages ... freed from the Law. Jesus would know
that the authorities desired to do their work in secret so as not to
be hindered by the people. ... All according to God's Plan of the
And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all
the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not
a house where there was not one dead. And he called for Moses and
Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my
people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD,
as ye have said. Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have
said, and be gone; and bless me also. And the Egyptians were urgent
upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste;
for they said, We be all dead men.
12:34-36 And the
people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs
being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. And the
children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they
borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and
raiment: And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the
Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required.
And they spoiled the Egyptians.
12:37 And the
children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six
hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. And a mixed
multitude (i.e. of non-Israelites) went up also with them; and
flocks, and herds, even very much cattle...
... And (during
their 6 days of march) they baked unleavened cakes of the dough
which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened;
because they were thrust out of Egypt (i.e. the wilderness of
Egypt), and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for
themselves any victual (i.e. 'food' for a long trip, in
that they had thought they would be returning to their homes in
12:40-42 Now the sojourning of the
Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. And it
came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even
the selfsame day it came to pass (i.e. 'a strong day' ...
i.e. passing through the Red Sea), that all the hosts of the LORD
went out (i.e. were forced out by Pharaoh's army) from the
land of Egypt. It is a night (i.e. 'a twist', a
night-season, adversity) to be much observed unto
the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that
night (i.e. 'a twist') of the LORD to be observed of
all the children of Israel in their generations.
had made it
'a strong day' in extracting his people from Egypt.
The Lord had made it 'a night-season' because 1) Egypt became
weakened (i.e. humbled), and because 2) the Lord knew that Israel
would endure forty years in the wildernesses of Sinai before
he would finally led into the Land of Promise. [[It is in my book
'God's Rock' free for download.]]
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the
passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: But every man's
servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him,
then shall he eat thereof. A foreigner and an hired servant shall not
eat thereof. In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry
forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye
break a bone thereof (here is the prophesy-token that
neither shall be broken a bone of Jesus' body during his time of
Suffering and Crucifixion). All the congregation of Israel shall
12:48-51 And when a stranger shall sojourn
with thee (i.e. visit in Israel; for much later many pilgrims
would come to Jerusalem to worship), and will keep the passover to
the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come
near (unto the Lord) and keep it; and he shall be
(accepted) as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised
person shall eat thereof. One law shall be to him that is homeborn,
and (also) unto the stranger that sojourneth among you. Thus
did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and
Aaron, so did they. And it came to pass the selfsame day ('a
strong day'), that the LORD did bring the children of Israel
out of the land of Egypt by their armies.
not; the Israelites fearfully and in confusion swarmed through the
passage of the Red Sea; yet, on the other side they became organized
going forward into 'their armies'.
To repeat: The above passage was commandment unto the Israelites in
Goshen before they left to enter Egypt's wilderness for their Feast
before 'the Lord', as agreed to by Pharoah. After Pharaoh and
his army had forced the Israelites out of Egypt through the Red Sea
into the Peninsula of Sinai, 'the Lord' began giving Moses
many more things regarding ... and forming ... the Law. Forty years
the Israelites were in the wildernesses of Sinai and during that time
the Lord gave Moses many more explanations and teachings. In
Duteronomy 16 are regulations regarding observance of varied feasts
within the Law.
16:1,2 Observe the month
of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the
month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by
night. Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the LORD thy
God, of the flock and the herd, in the place
which the LORD shall choose to place his name there.
Israel above in Exodus was regarding 'the passover' meal
only. Here we see instruction regarding 'the herd',
which refers to the priesthood's sacrifice for national Israel. The
former was instruction regarding 'the passover' by individual
families. Both of these were in the Holy Week.
In Numbers 28:1 we also see regulations regarding various offerings
for special occasions that occurred in their due seasons of a year
according to the Law.
28:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Command the
children of Israel, and say unto them, My offering, and my bread for
my sacrifices made by fire, for a sweet savour unto me, shall ye
observe to offer unto me in their due season.
And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the (killing of
the lamb for the) passover of the LORD.
And in the fifteenth day of this month is the
feast (i.e. 'the passover' meal after sundown): seven
days shall unleavened bread be eaten. In the first day (of these
7 days) shall be an holy convocation (i.e. a coming together
wherein usually a part of the Law is read with a sermon); ye shall
do no manner of servile work therein (this 15th day ... from
sundown of 14th day unto sundown of this 15th day):
But ye shall offer a sacrifice made by fire for a burnt offering unto
the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram, and
seven lambs of the first year: they shall be unto you without
28:20-22 And their meat offering shall be
of flour mingled with oil: three tenth deals shall ye offer for a
bullock, and two tenth deals for a ram; A
several tenth deal shalt thou offer for every lamb, throughout the
seven lambs: And one goat for a sin offering, to make an atonement
see in the
first month (in conjunction with 'the passover') is the
yearly offering of Atonement for the nation as a whole. This
offering was performed by the priesthood during the daytime of the
15th after the night of the 15th when each family had
observed 'the passover'. This commandment was for each new
year for all the following ages of Israel ... which is referred
to in the New Testament Gospels as 'the season of Passover' or
'season of unleavened bread'. The Holy Week indeed was very
holy unto the Lord and Israel.
Ye shall offer these beside the burnt offering in the morning, which
is for a continual burnt offering.
here that every morning of each year of every year the priests
performed 'the burnt offering', which we do not see detailed
in this passage.
After this manner (as just described) ye (i.e. the
priesthood) shall offer daily, throughout the seven days (of
the Week of Unleavened Bread), the meat (i.e. 'food',
typically grain) of the sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour
unto the LORD: it shall be offered beside
the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering.
whole of the offerings for this Holy Week which accompanied 'the
passover'. Much would be going on in Jerusalem when Jesus and his
disciple would arrive along with the multitudes of Israelites ... for
this was the first of three seasons in a year when Israelites were
commanded to gather in Jerusalem. Many Israelites from the
nations came as pilgrims ... as often as they could afford could do
it. Jesus and his family always went to Jerusalem all three times
And on the seventh day (of Holy Week) ye shall have an holy
convocation (i.e. the Feast of Unleavened Bread); ye shall do
no servile work.
16:3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt
thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction;
for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou
mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of
Egypt all the days of thy life.
unleavened bread represents the 'affliction' that the
Israelites experienced for the previous 200 years. During their 400
years in Goshen, the first 200 years the Lord had blessed them with
abundance. Moreover, the Israelites where in 'affliction' in
their 6 days of Cloud by day and Fire by night travel from Goshen
into Egypt's wilderness for their Festival with their God.
Furthermore, they were in 'affliction' in their fleeing from
Pharaoh. And they consider themselves 'afflicted' as they
spent 40 years in the wilderness of Sinai.
And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast
(i.e. 'within thy bounds') seven days; neither shall
there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day
at even (i.e. 'the passover' meal), remain all night
until the morning.
16:5,6 Thou mayest not sacrifice
the passover within any of thy gates (i.e. 'your homes'),
which the LORD thy God giveth thee: But at the place which the LORD
thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice
the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season
that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
Now we see
the commandment turns from the initial place of each home in Goshen
to a specific place that 'God shall choose to place his name in'
when the Lord shall lead them into the Land of Promise. Eventually,
'the place of his name' became Jerusalem and remained so (and
And thou shalt roast and eat it (i.e. 'the passover' meal)
in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: and thou shalt
turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.
days thou shalt eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be
a solemn assembly to the LORD thy God: thou shalt do no work
dawn arrives of the 15th day that each family was to go to
their own tents. This means that Israelites who were resident in
Jerusalem stayed in their homes, but all others either had arranged a
place in Jerusalem for 'the passover' (as did Jesus and his
disciples) or had tents to stay in the countryside outside Jerusalem.
The above subtopic nailed down the Old
Testament passages on the subject.
Since Israelite families had to go up to
Jerusalem three seasons each year, people owning homes in Jerusalem
built upper rooms, etc., to rent out in these seasons. Other
Israelites were in the business of providing the 'clean lambs'
for the priesthood that slaughtered them and provided the pieces for
the people to use in 'the passover'.
and Week of Unleavened Bread (New Testament)
22:1,2 Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is
called the Passover. And the chief priests and scribes sought how
they might kill him; for they feared the people.
Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be
we must clearly explain some terms in the Gospels that cause
confusion using Srong's Number System.
Exodus 12:13-16 we saw that 'the passover' began the week
of unleavened bread, and we saw that there were two feasts in the
Here we see at the time of Jesus
that there were some terms / sayings that had become
common among the people for this season: ‘passover’ and
Thus, in Luke
22:1 we see the KJV translators have ‘the Passover’ and in
verse 7 ‘the passover’ such that verse 1 refers to the
entire season whereas verse 7 refers to a particular day.
Understand, as a new month came in, even
before the beginning of this holy season the chief priest and scribes
were scheming about what they might do to Jesus, for surely (by the
Mosaic Law) Jesus and his disciples would arrive in Jerusalem.
Also understand in verse 7 that ‘the day of unleavened bread’
refers to ‘the passover must be killed’. Thus, by the time
of our text, the actual killing of the lamb was referred to
with the same words that, in Exodus, identified the actual meal
itself. Even so, in the Exodus text above, the killing of the
lamb was by each family in the sabbath evening before the holy week
began ... which week began with 'the passover'... which began
with the roasting of the lamb at sundown followed
In that actual week out of
Goshen, Egypt the families accomplished everything, whereas from the
establishment of the priesthood the priests slaughtered the lambs and
provided to the people the proper pieces.
Moreover, we see in Luke 21:2 'the feast of unleavened bread drew
nigh' means the time or season for 'the passover'
to be killed (followed by 'the passover' meal itself) was
drawing nigh (i.e. in a few days would be the 'feast,
which is called the Passover').
Therefore, 'the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be
killed' means that ... the day for killing the lamb introduced
the the holy week of unleavened bread. Thus, we see that the 7
days of the Holy Week began at sundown following the killing
of the lamb.
we saw in
the latter verse of Exodus that each year, in the first month, was
the Sacrifice of Attonement for the whole of Israel, which was also
on the 14th day also accomplished by the priesthood. And also note
that each and every day of a year had its 'burnt offering'
also accomplished by the priesthood.
those who study their Bibles understand Israel's (the Jews')
perplexed situation ... in that they can partake of 'the passover'
only ... in that the Lord took away from them their fullfillment
of their Law and so they have only their tradition-writings which
form the core of their present religion. With Jerusalem as it is ...
with no temple and no priesthood ... their situation remains until
their Savior comes again.
To repeat: Israelites
understood the Luke passage in the light of the Exodus
passage. Thus, the terms used in Jesus' day did not confuse them. If
today the Exodus passage (Old Testament) were known by Christians,
and rightly understood, then the Luke passage should not confuse us.
account in Luke
22:1,2 occurred in the 2nd week of the 1st month of spring. Then the
sabbath of the 14th day ended week ... and so on that day it was the
'go and prepare' day (verse 8) when 1) a place must be secured
for observing 'the passover', and 2) the priesthood killed the
lambs. Then at sundown (starting the 15th day and 3rd (holy) week)
began 'the Passover' meal with Jesus and his disciples. Thus,
the phrase 'the passover' meant the beginning of 'the seven
days of unleavened bread'.
there is confusion with the terms 'day of preparation',
in that there are 2 feasts and 1 'day of preparation'
for each: 1 day was for Jesus and disciples to find a place for 'the
passover' (and killing the lambs by the priests) and then later
in the week of 'unleavened bread' on its 6th day (i.e.
20th day of the month) a day was set aside In Jerusalem for 'working
at preparations' by the families for the Feast of the 7th day,
a very Holy Sabbath when no work was allowed.
In this Luke text, this Sabbath Feast of the 3rd week ended the Holy
Week 'of unleavened bread'. [[Read of the Moses/Exodus account
in my book God's Rock, a free download.]]
Therefore, we see that Christ Jesus arose the morning of the 1st day
of the 4th week (i.e. our Sunday).
Moreover,lso consider how Luke 22:1,2 matches Matthew
'And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings,
he said unto his disciples, Ye know that after two days is the
feast of the passover, and (in it) the Son of man is
betrayed to be crucified.' Such verses occurred
several days before the killing of the lamb.
The above subtopic nailed down 1)
that Jesus and
disciples did eat 'the passover' on its normal time for Israel
and 2) that there were 2 days referred to as 'preparation days'
and 3) that there was an entire Holy Week of 7 days.
Now we get on
with our work in Luke 22 and 23
(listed are the main
verses that apply to the theme of this season ...
22:8-13 And he (Jesus) sent Peter
and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.
And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare? And he said
unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a
man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house
where he entereth in. And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house,
The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall
eat the passover with my disciples? And he shall shew you a large
upper room furnished: there make ready. And they went, and found as
he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.
earlier, Israelites who could come for the Holy Week did so as their
first-of-the-year sacred services and celebrations. The Mosaic Law
required them to come to Jerusalem three times in the year. The
second-of-the-year arrival would be for the Feast of Weeks ...
which occurred seven weeks after the Holy Week we are studying ...
which occurred at the end of the harvest season. And there was
a third such trip later in the year.
for a great influx of people such that in Jerusalem and in the
surrounding area most of the owners of property had rooms, etc., for
rent. When coming to Jerusalem with his disciples, Jesus often stayed
with the family of Lazarus and his sisters Martha and Mary.
And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with
him. And he said unto them, With (great) desire I have desired
to eat this passover with you before I suffer:
For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be
fulfilled in the kingdom of God.
'the passover' of the Mosaic Law was given to Israel, 'The
Passover' in Heaven had already existed within a
preplanned climax of God's Plan of the Ages.
We began this sermon with The Hinge (Jesus' birth) and
now in this verse we see what Jesus meant in saying that the next
few days would see 'the fulfilment' of the heavenly
things. 'This Fulfillment' would not occur
during 'the passover' of the Mosaic Law eaten at the time.
Jesus was referring to 'The Passover' that would climax
in a few days ... the Sacrifice for the Hope of Israel and of
This, then, was the 1st Climax to
be worked out by means of 'The Heavenly Passover' ...
and the 2nd Climax awaits his Coming Again.
And (the first time that) he took the cup, and gave thanks,
and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: For I say unto
you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine (again with you in
any further ceremonies of the Mosaic Law), until the kingdom of
God shall come (on earth)...
of the 2nd Climax to occur on earth ... the Son's Kingdom ...
which was inherited in the pre-ages Promise of the Father, but shall
come into earthly existance when the King comes to establish it.
And (then) he took bread (i.e. of 'the passover'),
and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my
body which is given for you (i.e. within The Heavenly
... this do (i.e. when observing
'the passover' on earth) in remembrance of me (i.e. my
Sacrificial Passover in God's Plan of the Ages) ....
... Likewise also (he took) the cup
supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which
is shed for you.
passover' supper, Jesus lifted this cup like as in a toast to
the supper and to their taking this passover supper together ...
and then with even greater emphasis he proclaimed it a symbol of 'the
new testament' that would be established forever within his very
Dear reader, the bread and the wine
are symbolic of this event, along with Jesus' working out our
salvation within God's Plan of the Ages. Yet, please note also
that this cup was a token of his joy in partaking in union with
his disciples the Moasic 'passover'.
This had earlier been expressed by Jesus to his disciples in
Matthew18:20 For where two or three are gathered together in
my name, there am I in the midst of them.
And we see later in the Epistles that some churches, in celebrating
'the passover' meal (i.e. in the 3rd week of the 1st month of
a new year) violated the cup of union which
Jesus had raised with his disciples. For they had turned the
celebration into a full blown supper to their own liking. They even
distinguished between wealthy and poor brethren, which did not
express the union of Jesus with his disciples. I suspect that
Jesus was not present in such celebrations. This is why Paul and
other apostles expressed angry sadness in writing of the subject to
the Day of Crucifixion, the Lunar Calendar was as in Exodus.
see the things of the whole Luke passage being worked out according
to Israel's Lunar Calendar. It was only later that these disciples
would understand as the Holy Spirit would come to be teaching them
what Jesus had taught and accomplished.
Indeed, Jesus did celebrate the Mosaic Law 'passover'
with his disciples and not a few days earlier.
Moreover, the Lord's Crucifixion was not “the killing
of the Mosaic passover lamb" thought by many modern brethren.
Furthermore, Christ the Lord arrived to earth
according to God's Plan of the Ages and the First Climax
of which was heavenly and very much higher than the
Mosaic Law. The Son's preplanned Sacrifice contained within it 'the
new testament in my blood, which is shed for you' (you and me).
And he came out (of the upper room the night of the 15th between
midnight and sunup), and went, as he was wont, to the mount of
Olives; and his disciples also followed him.
And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he
found them sleeping for sorrow, And said unto them, Why sleep ye?
rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. And while he yet spake,
behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve,
went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.
Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple,
and the elders, which were come to him (with their soldiers),
Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves? When I
was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against
me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness. Then took they
him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And
Peter followed afar off. And when they had kindled a fire (yet in
early darkness of the 15th) in the midst of the hall that, and
were set down together, Peter sat down among them.
And many other things blasphemously spake they against him.
22:66-69 And as soon as it was day
(i.e. dawn of the
15th, 1st day of the Holy Week), the elders of the people and the
chief priests and the scribes came together, and (further) led
him into their (high) council, saying, Art thou the Christ?
tell us. ...
... And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye
believe: And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go
(i.e. the normal things of a trial). Hereafter shall the Son
of man sit on the right hand of the power of God.
made a Proclamation.
beginning of this sermon was mentioned that the Lord often used 'the
eight days' in his Plan; and here Jesus' Proclamation
began 'the eight days' that contained the entire Holy
Week of Unleavened Bread ... beginning with 'the passover'
(meal) ... and thus 'the eight days' contained 1 more
Day for the Dawn when Christ Resurrected.
Then said they all (after hours of trial), Art thou then the
Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am. And they said,
What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his
23:1-3-7 And the whole multitude of them
arose, and led him unto Pilate. And they began to accuse him, saying,
We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give
tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King...
And Pilate (having heard of Jesus) asked him, saying, Art thou
the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it.
Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no
fault in this man. And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth
up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee
to this place (now about another 4 hours of trial). When
(finally) Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a
Galilaean. And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's
jurisdiction (i.e. Nazareth), he sent him to Herod, who
himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.
And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous
to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him;
and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him. Then he
questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing. And
the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him
(for many more hours). And (so for the rest of that day) Herod
with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed
him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. And the (very)
same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before
they were at enmity between themselves (over who controlled the
Holy City of Jerusalem).
Pilate, when (finally) he had called together the chief
priests and the rulers and the people, Said unto them, Ye have
brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and,
behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in
this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him: No, nor yet
(even) Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy
of death is done unto him. I (ever the politician) will
therefore chastise him, and release him.
But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. And he said unto
them the third time (before Pilate and also a fourth counting
Herod), Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of
death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go. And
(again) they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he
might be crucified. And (so) the voices of them (rulers
the Sanhedrin) and of the chief priests prevailed. And Pilate gave
sentence that it should be as they required. And he released unto
them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison (i.e.
Barabbas), whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their
dear reader, consider John 18:13 were we see Jesus taken to the house
of Annas and then as daylight arrived see in John 18:24 that Annas
sent Jesus on to Caiaphas the high priest where Jesus was tried at
length... and so the 15th day ended.
Now see we see John 18:28,29 'Then led they Jesus from
Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment (i.e. before Pilate's outside
seat): and it was early; and they themselves went not into the
judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat
the passover. Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What
accusation bring ye against this man? And now we look at Mark
15:1 'And straightway in the morning (following the
trial) the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and
scribes and the whole council (the Sanhedrin), and bound
Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.'
From John and Mark, time-wise, it is the beginning of the 16th
daytime (a Tuesday) And we see that 'it was early' when
the Jewish leaders began their 1st presentation before Pilate,
which went on for hours until Pilate was tired and found a way to
send Jesus and his accusers to Herod. Yet, a messenger would have had
to been sent with a signed written message from Pilate to Herod and
Herod would have had to send back a message granting to entertained
the Jewish leaders (who had not first sought him out). So at least
1/2 a day was spent with Pilate and 1/2 a day was spent with Herod
and his soldiers questioning and then playing tormenting games with
Jesus before sending him back. And of course there was the procession
of ranting Jews and their leaders escorting Jesus through the
Jerusalem from one palace to another and back again.
Surely, then, it was early the 17th day (a Wednesday)
when the group with their prisoner again approached Pilate whom they
did not wish to antagonize. Indeed they pleaded and hard finally they
went to crying before poor Pilate until he relented.
more hours for Pilate's soldiers (who had drawn the duty of
crucifying Jesus) to beat him and scourge him, etc., preparing him
for crucifixion. Therefore, it was the 18th day (a Thursday)
when all was finally ready by the centurion and his men to proceed
with the march through the streets of Jerusalem to Golgotha.
above subtopic nailed down the days of Jesus leading up to
the day of Crucifixion.
Jesus had claimed in Matthew 12:40, 'For as Jonas was three days
and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be
three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.' Counting
3 nights and 3 days back from Sunday morning (the 22nd, the
1st day of 4th week) calculates the day of Crucifixion on Thursday.
(See the Chart at the end of this Part 2.)
see (also calculating backwards) that -
the night before Sunday morning and the daytime
of the Holy Sabbath made 1 night-and-day.
- the night
before Saturday morning and the daytime of Friday
('preparation day') made the 2nd night-and day.
- and the
night before Friday morning and the daytime of
Thursday when Christ was crucified completed the '3 days
and 3 nights'.
23:26-34 And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one
Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid
the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. And there followed him
a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and
lamented him. But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of
Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your
children. For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall
say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the
paps which never gave suck. Then shall they begin to say to the
mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do
these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? And
there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to
death. And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary,
there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand,
and the other on the left. Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for
they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast
23:35-41 And the people stood beholding.
the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let
him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. And the
soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,
And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself. And a
superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and
Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. And one of the
malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be
Christ, save thyself and us. But the other answering rebuked him,
saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same
condemnation? And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of
our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss.
And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy
kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day
shalt thou be with me in paradise. And it was about the sixth hour,
and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. And
the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the
midst. And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father,
into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up
23:47-49 Now when the centurion saw what
was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous
man. And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding
the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned. And
all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee,
stood afar off, beholding these things.
behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor; and he was a good
man, and a just: (The same had not consented to the counsel
and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also
himself waited for the kingdom of God. This man went unto Pilate, and
begged the body of Jesus. And he took it down, and wrapped it in
linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein
never man before was laid.
23:54-56 And that day was
the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. And the women also, which
came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre,
and how his body was laid. And they returned, and prepared spices and
ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment
(of the week of unleavened bread).
day' actually means 'a period of time', which Strong
explains can even be up to the days or years of an age. It is like in
'the day of the Lord' ... 'a period of time'
leading up to and including when the Lord shall arrive.
It can be but a few days as in our text here; for we see in verses
55, 56 that the women followed Joseph to the tomb to see its location
and then they returned home to prepare spices, which they did on
Friday ... Israel's 'day of preparation' ... because the Feast
of Unleavened Bread 'drew on' the next day.
For the meaning of a specific day (i.e. 'today or this day'),
Strong gives the definition in G2250. It is like in 23:43 above when
Jesus spoke to the thief on the cross. Jesus meant that specific
day. Also the word is in Matthew 26:2 for 'two specific days'.
Please note the distinction between 'that day' as different
from 'today or this day'; the former is a period of time
and the latter is a specific day.
surely gone to bed and so it was early Friday morning (the ‘day
of preparation’) when Joseph received permission to take the
body to his tomb ... followed by the women before they returned home
to prepared spices for the body.
the end of this
sermon: From 3 passages in 3 Gospels, I discuss why the time of
this was early Friday morning.]]
was the Day of Crucifixion ... a normal Jewish workday in
Jerusalem during this Holy Week.
And then on
Friday the women worked preparing spices.
And then the women rested ('no work') on the Sabbath,
the day of Holy Festival.
In verse 54 (after
the comma) 'and the sabbath drew on' is better read 'and
the sabbath day began to lighten into daylight' ... and so
this verse introduces us into the next chapter of Luke
when the women would be taking spices to the tomb at dawn and they
would discover the Risen Lord.
Jesus was in the grave (tomb) '3 days and 3 nights' and at
this point in the text it is the 3rd night coming to a close
... which began turning into dawn when the Lord would
gloriously arise from the grave! Also tying down this dawn
is the fact of it being the 8th day of 'the eight
above subtopic nailed down the sequence of events of the
We discovered Luke
2:21 ... The Hinge of God's Plan of the Ages.
We discovered the Holy Season of Passover / Week of Unleavened Bread
... fore-designed in heaven by the Lord himself in Sacrifice to usher
himself back to heaven ... where he would receive his Inheritance ...
and now as King he rules with total power with the Father ... to
return when the Father deems it appropriate.
Ah, but first Jesus must have received the Glory
of the Inheritance - John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her,
Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but (you
must) go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my
Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
Therefore, amid his Glory the Son received Total Power -
1:1-3 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in
time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days
spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things,
by whom also he made the worlds ...
... Who (Jesus
Christ now) being the brightness of his (God the Father's)
glory, and the express image of his (God the Father's) person,
and (now) upholding all things by the word of his (God the
Father's) power, when he (Jesus) had by himself purged our
sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
But unto the Son he (God the Father) saith, Thy throne, O God
(i.e. Jesus the Son now 'O God') is for ever and ever:
a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
(And) Thou (God the Father had) madest him a little lower
than the angels (when in the form of a human You sent him
down to earth); thou (now) crownedst him with glory and
honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: (in that)
Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet ...
For in that (when) he (God the Father had) put all in
subjection under him, he (i.e. God the Father) left nothing
that is not put under him ...
... But now we see not
yet all things (having been) put under him.
earth as a heavenly babe - in the form of man -
and he departed
to heaven to sit with the Father
on a shared
Philippians 2:5-11 -
(for the Chart below)
month began in spring on a new moon. The Israelite day
began at sundown and lasted twenty four-hours on through darkness,
midnight, dawn, daytime, and evening ... until the sun disappeared
from the horizon.
Below you will
line-chart of a day (beginning with a previous
And note the
letters placed with each time in a
The letters will help to quickly find the important times of
day during Holy Week days.
here are numbered paragraphs corresponding to events
and/or times in the Holy Week. The paragraph
numbers are laid out on the Chart (also a
line-chart). When seeing a number on the Chart, refer back to
its numbered paragraph for explanation.
The 7th day of the 1st month (a sabbath) of Israel's brand new
calendar ... which the Lord had Commanded Moses in Exodus.
The 2nd week, the 10th day ... families no longer must select a clean
lamb (yearling sheep or goat) to keep with the family ... as the
priesthood would performed on 14th day the killing.
Interchangeable Terms: Luke 22:1 'Now the feast of unleavened
bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.' So the entire
Holy Week was often referred to as 'the Passover'. Luke 22:7
'Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be
killed (in the 14th day)'.
the Terms for the Holy Week were Interchangeable ... and so the
Holy Season was drying nigh.
13:1-3 'Now before the feast of the passover,
(it was) when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should
depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which
were in the world, he loved them unto the end. ...
And (then later when the) supper being ended, the devil having
now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;
Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands,
and that he was come from God, and went to God.' This John
passage has 'the passover' called 'the feast of the
passover', and thus it differs from the Feast at the end of the
Week of Unleavened Bread.
the Holy Week, we see that Jesus 'knew that his hour was
come', and during 'the passover' meal he became
reassured about his coming and going to the
Father, and also regarding the Inheritance awaiting
On the 1st day of 2nd week (our Sunday) Jesus arrived just
outside Jerusalem (John 12:1).
The next day (the 9th of the month, our Monday) Jesus entered
Jerusalem on a donkey (John 12:12-28) and proclaimed that his hour
had come, whereupon the Father's voice came from heaven.
On the 10th of the month (Tuesday) clean lambs were selected
by the priests in Jerusalem for the Passover.
that a week
later on the next Tuesday (when judged by the Jewish
leaders according to God's Plan of the Ages) Jesus was
selected as a Clean Lamb for Crucifixion.]]
The 11th day (Wednesday) a woman pours ointment on Jesus'
head. Judas earns 30 pieces of silver, and Jesus said Matthew 26:2.
'Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the
Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.'
that a week
later on the next Wednesday Jesus was anointed with 'a
crown of thorns'.]]
On the 14th day (Sabbath) in early morning the disciples find
the upper room. Matthew 26:17 'Now the first day of the
feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto
him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?'
This day the priesthood will kill the lambs for the people. Thus, in
late evening (A), the lambs being killed ushers in the Holy
Week and 'the passover' begins at sundown (B). The
disciples 1) had secured the room and 2) had secured
from the priests the slain lamb in its parts for
After sundown in the night (C) of the 15th (Sunday), 'the
passover' was eaten and during "the Lord's Supper" the
disciples’ feet were washed, etc. Then at midnight (D) they
went to the garden where Jesus prayed and the soldiers arrested
him and took him (C) to 'the house of the high
priest' (Luke 22:54) where secretly he was questioned.
midnight in the Exodus account, the Death Angel had killed all
In The daytime (F) of the 15th (Sunday), Jesus was taken
to 'the council' and condemned to death and taken on to
In the days (F) of 15th through 18th, by
the Jewish leaders Jesus was shuffled back and forth between Pilate
and Herod. In those 4 days, Jesus suffered greatly
(i.e. Sunday - Tuesday).
On the 19th day (F) (Thursday of the Crucifixion)
finally (when Pilate's soldiers had for several days
fully prepared Jesus by inflicting great damage to his body) Jesus
was paraded through the streets of Jerusalem to the hill of Golgotha
to be Crucified.
Also many things
occurred by heaven's power... and finally Jesus 'gave up the
Then for '3 days and 3 nights' Jesus' Spirit preach to
the souls that he as 'the Lord'
had destroyed in the Flood. And so the days of Thursday,
Friday, and Saturday came to an end.
Dawn (E) of the 22nd day (Sunday) Jesus Arose.
By the Law, Israel's Holy Week had been accomplished in the Holy
Sabbath Feast on the previous day. Indeed, the Lord's people had
honored the Lord's Commandment to Moses even as they had had him
scourged and killed who had given the commandment. They could not see
that Jesus is the Christ 'and that he was come from God, and went
(4 days F)
(3 days F
are The Days in the Week of Unleavened Bread
Passover (meal, 1st 'supper' or 'feast') began
this Holy Week. (15th)
Sabbath Festival (the 2nd 'feast')
ended the Holy Week. (21th).
Christ Jesus rose from the grave. (22nd)
the numbers are the specific days
as noted in the paragraphs above -
- and the
letters are the specific times of a 24
hour period as shown here -
evening (A), sundown (begin Israel's day) (B), night (C), midnight
(D), dawn (E), daytime (F), evening (A) -
About the Day of Preparation -
15:42,43 And now (i.e. 'even now already') when
the even (i.e. 'late') was come (i.e. 'was
caused to come'), because (i.e. 'thereupon' ...
i.e. from this point) it was the (day of) preparation,
that is, the day before the sabbath, Joseph of Arimathaea, an
honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God,
came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved (i.e. simply
'asked') the body of Jesus.
says it better: "Even now already,
when late was cause to come
... from this point it became the day of preparation, that is, the
day before the Sabbath that Joseph ........ went in boldly unto
Pilate, and asked the body of Jesus."
For several days
(perhaps even while Jesus was still suffering) in hopes of acquiring
the body to place in his own tomb Joseph had been inquiring around
Pilate's place. We know that the '3 days and 3 nights' had
begun on Thursday, the daytime (F)of the Crucifixion.
Jesus' body had to be taken down and put somewhere. Pilate was in
agony because his wife had warned him to have nothing to do with
Jesus' death. Likely then Joseph had no success in being granted
permission until the evening of the 'day of preparation' (the
women working on their spices). Then he and Nicodemus (John 19:39)
took custody of the body and carted it unto Joseph's tomb.
Though somewhat confusing in the English translation, Strong clears
it up for us that the 'day of preparation' (Friday) had
dawned when the body was taken to the tomb. And also -
19:42 There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews'
preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand. And also -
27:54,55,57,58 Now when the centurion, and they that were with
him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were
done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God. And
many women were there beholding afar off, which followed Jesus from
Galilee, ministering unto him: When the even (i.e. 'late')
was come (i.e. 'was caused to come'), there came a
rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus'
disciple: He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then
Pilate commanded the body to be delivered.
And (so having gotten permission that morning) when Joseph had
taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, And laid it in
his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a
great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. And there was
Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the
Now (i.e. 'but') the next day (i.e. specific, 'the
tomorrow'), that (i.e. specific, 'which same')
followed (i.e. 'in or accompanied or amid')
the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came
together unto Pilate,
"But the tomorrow, which same is amid the day of preparation,
the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate."
The day was Friday, the 'day of preparation', which followed
the Crucifixion. The religious leaders had heard that Joseph had
acquired the body and placed it in his tomb. Thus, knowing what Jesus
had said, these leaders went to Pilate (again). Moreover, we know
this day was Friday in that it did not happen
on Thursday of the Crucifixion and it could not have
happened on the Feast day, the Holy Sabbath.
Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet
alive, After three days I will rise again. Command therefore that the
sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come
by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen
from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.
Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch (i.e. soldiers): go
your way, make it as sure as ye can. So they went, and made the
sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.
'preparation day', Friday, was quite busy. Joseph and
Nicodemus acquired the body early that morning and took it to the
tomb. The women followed them to see Jesus' body and where the tomb
was located. Then they spent much of the day buying and preparing
spices. Then the Jewish leaders heard of it and went to Pilate with
Then, Sunday at dawn (E)
ended 'the eight days' and also ended the '3 days and 3
nights' after the Crucifixion.
fact, the Lord Christ Jesus himself in Resurrection had stolen
away his own body.
somewhat long and rather tedious. We Gentiles do not think according
to the Israelite calendar and so one's own personal study may not
lead to correct understanding of the Holy Week.
Many Christians incorrectly think Jesus died on the day of the
killing the lamb, but correctly believe that Jesus arose on Sunday
morning. And for some reason Friday was chosen for the Crucifixion.
Yet, this would mean that Jesus
passover' differently from the Lord’s own designed Mosaic
Law and thus he and the disciples disobeyed the Law's day for
If this were so then
who would have killed the lamb for their meal?
Could the disciples have killed the lamb? Or could they have arranged
for a priest to officiate the killing of a lamb for them on another
This thinking further misses the
that Jesus ended the Mosaic Covenant.
all of the above, we see that the Son of God did not
offer his Sacrifice according to the Mosaic Law. Instead his
Sacrifice was given as he himself had stated It in the Old
prophesy. This had everything to do with 'the eight days'
such that at dawn of the 8th day Christ Jesus rose from
often are misleading because nearly all English translations adhere
to the long tradition regarding this Holy Week as interpreted by
early church leaders in North Africa, Rome, and elsewhere.
Yet, the Holy Week, as viewed within an Israelite (Jewish)
understanding (i.e. studying Moses) gives a different result.
Dear reader, the Hebrew and/or Greek meanings of words are the
only way I have found for me to resolve contradictions that I find in
English translations, and you can do the same.
Nonetheless, even without the Greek meanings of words, close study in
English translations should conclude that there seems to be
contradictions between the Gospel writers ... which of course cannot
colleges and seminaries used to require a fair grasp of Biblical
Greek. My education is engineering, which focuses upon solving
problems. Having Greek Helps truly helps.
we arrived at this sermon -
I am not quite sure when these sermons began to evolve toward the
subject of this sermon ... surely at least from V1-Sermon-4. Yet, it
was after number 6 that I realized I was into a theme while not
knowing where it might lead. Actually, my way of doing things is
this: When I am done with one sermon (this one has extended months)
in my own Bible study I simply open the Bible and start reading.
Sometimes the reading is but slightly interesting and other times I
get caught up in something that helps me, but does not seem to lead
into something to put on the website.
several months that I spent on this sermon, I came into dry spells
(usually due to other things that just had to be done), and then
often I thought it was only for me and my wife. But then I would open
the Bible (often in Old Testament) and there it was for sure ... a
continuation or addition to what I had been writing for this sermon.
Then, as it seemed I was through, I would again open and there it was
again ... with more to aid or take out.
Finally, thinking it was done, I had to struggle with how long it had
become and so I broke it into 2 parts. Though I seldom send something
like this to my engineer/busy son, I sent the two parts to him. He
suggested that I remove most comments having to do with me, and keep
it to one better organized document, and at the end add this very
comment about how the other sermons led to this sermon.
He was reading it more for how the sermon might apply to his life and
to others. He does not realize that I am not
trying to get into "teaching", but I am trying to get my
readers into their Bibles to do what I am doing for themselves. As
much as I can, I steer clear of "teaching", even though the
reader may not quite see it.
I only ask you
dear reader to work on these scriptures for yourself.
Here are the links to the subtopics -
[[[ Each of these links will
appear on your screen and have a tab at the top of your screen. When
you want to return here for another link click on the left most tab.
By clicking on all of the links you can have them all across your
screen and click from on to the other. I hope you enjoy this system
for the sermons. I you do let me know. ]]]
Dear reader, if you arrived on this page by way of a search and you
like this theme of The Whole Christ then know there are previous such
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