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These are brief sermons to be
taken for what they are worth.

Study of 'spirit' and 'Spirit' in the Old Testament

back to Volume 2, Study 5 page

You can also download this study as a pdf file.

Volume 2, Study 5, 'spirit' and 'Spirit'

‘spirit’ in all its forms in the KJV Old Testament
                        (Please be following along in your Bible so as to connect with the context and the circumstance of each verse.)

            This long study began with the idea of showing the reader how the translators of the King James Bible distinguished between ‘Holy Spirit’ and ‘Holy Ghost’ in the New Testament and why they did it and how it was to be used by Bible readers. Therefore, the reader must first read the ‘Holy Ghost’ file because all of my comments in each of these files have to do with what the KJV translators did regarding ‘Holy Ghost’ and ‘Holy Spirit’.
            However, then I decided to include ‘spirit’ and also ‘Spirit’ in the New Testament as well, which you can find in files ‘spirit’ and ‘Spirit’. The reader can print out this file and print out any of the other files for comparison when reading any of the books of the New Testament. When printed, these can be compared side by side.
            The entire study is altogether interesting, but rather long. The reader can read my comments for what they are worth (or not); even so, the overall study provides lists of all such
New Testament verses with the word ‘spirit’ in some form. In this file the same has been done for the word ‘spirit’ in this Old Testament study.
            I have not included nearly so many comments after verses in this file. The repeated reading of verse after verse with the word ‘study’ in some form begins to build up in the mind how God uses the word in scripture and what He means by it and in its varied forms. Also, you can see ‘spirit’ in the children of God, but also see ‘spirit’ in those not of the children of God.
            I repeat, this overall study and its lists can make for good references in your future studies. Indeed, if you copy these lists then you can insert into them (as I have done) your own comments for your future use.
            Included in many of the verses are brackets [ ] which contain the meaning of a Greek word(s). The Greek definitions are according to Strong, as I am using the e-Sword software of the King James Version with Strong’s Numbers.

            The KJV translators
did not translate such as to have ‘Holy Ghost’ in the Old Testament. And it is interesting in the Old Testament that the KJV translators capitalized the word ‘Spirit’ only when the text is ‘Spirit of God’ (see Genesis 1:2), but not in the many other texts where it seems that ‘spirit’ is still God’s Spirit (see Genesis 6:3). 

~  Genesis  ~

Genesis 1:2  And the earth was [existed] without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

    The Hebrew word translated ‘earth’ means firm in the sense of surface. This word when used in a text in the broad sense implies the surface of a generalized large area or ‘earth’. But this is not carried over to mean our modern meaning of the globe of planet earth.
    In the more limited sense in a text it means ‘land’, which could be the land of Israel, Persia, land of the north, etc. But depending on the text it could mean the land that is enclosed in a field, etc.
    The word for ‘without form’ means waste. It can be a destroyed town where few if any humans live, or it can be a wilderness where people in the general sense do not live, but where sheep herders and such may live amidst their work (i.e. wilderness). In other words, there is no civilization there.
    The word ‘void’ similarly means empty in a manner as to the word waste. It could be a destroyed area or the emptiness of a wilderness (in regards to civilization).
    Spirit means movement of breath (as it does in the New Testament). It could be a breeze or swirling or even violent.
    ‘moved’ means brooding and at ease (as compared to swirling or violent).
    ‘upon’ means above, over.
    I.e. “The surface of the earth existed as a waste and empty (having no civilization); and dark was above the face of the deep; and the Spirit of God easily (or softly) brooded over the face of the waters.

6:3)  And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

    The Hebrew word for ‘always’ is often also translated eternal, forever, perpetual, long time, world, age, etc. Its basic meaning is ‘vanishing point’: When something is going down a road, the vanishing point is when normal eyesight can no longer detect it. When something is clearly in a person’s mind, the vanishing point is when that thought has finally disappeared from memory. Etc. The concept can be applied into the future or into the past. It is interesting how translators translate it.
    ‘strive’ means to rule as in judging.
    ‘flesh’ means body, person, that which is left when clothes are removed, thus also nakedness.

41:8)  And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told [enumerated] them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.
41:38)  And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is?
45:27)  And they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said unto them: and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived:

    The word ‘spirit’ here is the same as above, the standard meaning.


~  Exodus  ~

Exodus 6:9)  And Moses spake so unto the children [sons] of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.

    ‘sons’ is more correct than ‘children’; it infers family builders or lineage makers.

28:3)  And thou shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.

    ‘filled with’ means filled with. Might in this case ‘spirit’ be ‘Spirit’?

31:3)  And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of [the whole of] workmanship [this ministry],

    ‘filled with’ means filled with. Might in this case ‘spirit’ be ‘Spirit’?

35:21)  And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing [induce or inspire], and they brought the LORD'S offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.

    This is interesting: The spirit of each of these (men, women, children) became inspired to the point of stepping forward to volunteer and then went through their possessions (which were many Exodus 12:33-36) to find any of the things needed by the craftsperson.
    Who do you think stirred up each spirit, which in turn stirred up or motivated each person? The Holy Spirit was far more active in Old Testament times than we think.

35:31)  And he hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship;
            ‘filled with’ means filled with. Might in this case ‘spirit’ be ‘Spirit’?

~  Leviticus  ~

Leviticus 20:27)  A man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit, or that is a wizard, shall surely be put to death: they shall stone them with stones: their blood shall be upon them.

    The word spirit is not in the original text. The Hebrew word means ‘mumbler’, which may actually mean that the person has a evil spirit that has him mumbling constantly to himself; and since he is constantly in touch with such a spirit then people may come to him to inquire about things that they want to know.
    ‘wizard’ means knowing one, a person you might go to get answered question which you would not ask God.

~  Numbers  ~

Numbers 5:14)  And the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he be jealous of his wife, and she be defiled: or if the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he be jealous of his wife, and she be not defiled:
5:30)  Or when the spirit of jealousy cometh upon him, and he be jealous over his wife, and shall set the woman before the LORD, and the priest shall execute upon her all this law.
11:17)  And I will come down and talk [to make arrangements] with thee there: and I will take of [a part of] the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone.

    Moses and these men each have their own spirit inside them. Thus, for there to be a spirit ‘upon’ Moses it is not his spirit. There is a spirit (which I think is Spirit) upon Moses of which God will take and put upon each of these men.
    My understanding is that God’s Spirit upon Moses for his great ministry and work will be shared to a lesser degree with each of these men for their ministry and work. The Spirit is not divided, rather given of God to these men to fit the ministry and work.

11:25)  And the LORD came down in a cloud, and spake [in arrangement] unto him, and took of the spirit that was upon him, and gave it unto the seventy elders: and it came to pass, that, when the spirit rested [settled] upon them, they prophesied, and did not cease.

    This kind of prophesying was not the normal kind with a prophet, rather it was entirely of the Spirit that was upon them as a sign to the people. Thus, when Moses informed the people what God was doing, the people had this sign to assure them of what God had done to these men. It is similar to Acts 2.

11:26)  But there remained two of the men in the camp, the name of the one was Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the spirit rested upon them; and they were of them that were written, but went not out unto the tabernacle: and they prophesied in the camp.
11:29)  And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake? would God that all the LORD'S people were prophets, and that the LORD would put his spirit upon them!
14:24)  But my servant Caleb, because he had another [next to him] spirit with [accompanying] him, and hath followed [after] me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it.

    The general concept is that Caleb had a better heart toward God than the others, which was probably true. But it seems to me that some aspect of the Spirit accompanied Caleb inspiring and/or leading him to follow God in all things, (i.e. in faith, such that God was well pleased with him). Caleb’s eyes of faith viewed the giants as defeated in the Lord.

24:2)  And Balaam lifted up his eyes, and he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their tribes; and the spirit of God came upon him.

    This is exactly how God worked with any of the Israelite prophets, all prophets of God. Thus, I would also have here ‘Spirit’.

27:18)  And the LORD said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him;

    Here again, since Joshua had his own spirit, like the seventy men in 11:25, the spirit in this verse should also be Spirit. Moreover, God is in the process of replacing Moses with Joshua.

  ~  Deuteronomy  ~

Deuteronomy 2:30)  But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day.
34:9)  And Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom; for Moses had laid his hands upon him: and the children of Israel hearkened unto him, and did as the LORD commanded Moses.

~  Joshua  ~

Joshua 5:1)  And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which were on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the sea, heard that the LORD had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel.

~  Judges  ~

Judges 3:10)  And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.
6:34)  But the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered after him.
9:23)  Then God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem; and the men of Shechem dealt treacherously with Abimelech:
11:29)  Then the Spirit of the LORD came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over unto the children of Ammon.
13:25)  And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.
14:6)  And the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he would have rent a kid, and he had nothing in his hand: but he told not his father or his mother what he had done.
14:19)  And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he went down to Ashkelon, and slew thirty men of them, and took their spoil, and gave change of garments unto them which expounded the riddle. And his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father's house.
15:14)  And when he came unto Lehi, the Philistines shouted against him: and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and the cords that were upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, and his bands loosed from off his hands.
15:19)  But God clave an hollow place that was in the jaw, and there came water thereout; and when he had drunk, his spirit came again, and he revived: wherefore he called the name thereof Enhakkore, which is in Lehi unto this day.

~  1Samuel  ~

1Samuel 1:15)  And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD.

    As in the New Testament, the word translated as ‘soul’ is breath as in a living being. Unlike ‘spirit’ or ‘Spirit’ the meaning does not include the movement that is in spirit and/or wind.

10:6)  And the Spirit of the LORD will come upon thee [Saul], and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.
10:10)  And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them.

    This is not like in Numbers 11:25 where the men prophesied continually for a while as a sign to the people. Here Saul joins a group of ‘sons of the prophets’ and the Spirit of God gave him to prophesy even as do prophets. It was a sign particularly to Saul that God was with him because Saul was not at all sure that he could function as king of Israel.

11:6)  And the Spirit of God came upon Saul when he heard those tidings, and his anger was kindled greatly.
16:13)  Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
16:14)  But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him.
16:15)  And Saul's servants said unto him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubleth thee.
16:16)  Let our lord now command thy servants, which are before thee, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well.
16:23)  And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.

    Did the evil spirit depart because of the sweet music, or because the music was played by David who had the Spirit of God on him. I suspect that the evil spirit could not abide in the same local as the Spirit of God.

18:10)  And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand.
19:9)  And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played with his hand.

    Interesting, the dual between the evil spirit ‘upon’ and the Spirit of God upon David.

19:20)  And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.


19:23)  And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.

    More interesting!

28:7)  Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar [mumbler] spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor.

    Here is the mumbler again (i.e. the word spirit is not in the original text). However, since a spirit was causing such a person to mumble unto herself, and apparently back to the spirit also, then someone going to a mumbler would be asking information of the spirit.

28:8)  And Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night: and he said, I pray thee, divine [determine] unto me by the familiar spirit [by mumbling], and bring me him up, whom I shall name unto thee.
30:12)  And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.

~  2Samuel  ~

2Samuel 23:2)  The Spirit of the LORD spake [made arrangements] by me, and his word was in [upon] my tongue.

~  1Kings  ~

1Kings 10:5)  And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her [perhaps it took her breath away].
18:12)  And it shall come to pass, as soon as I am gone from thee, that the Spirit of the LORD shall carry thee whither I know not; and so when I come and tell Ahab, and he cannot find thee, he shall slay me: but I thy servant fear the LORD from my youth.
21:5)  But Jezebel his wife came to him, and said unto him, Why is thy spirit so sad, that thou eatest no bread?
22:21)  And there came forth a spirit, and stood before the LORD, and said, I will persuade him.
22:22)  And the LORD said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persuade him, and prevail also: go forth, and do so.
22:23)  Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the LORD hath spoken evil concerning thee.
22:24)  But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee?

~  2Kings  ~

2Kings 2:9)  And it came to pass, when they were gone over, that Elijah said unto Elisha, Ask what I shall do for thee, before I be taken away from thee. And Elisha said, I pray thee, let a double portion of thy spirit be upon [towards] me.
2:15)  And when the sons of the prophets which were to view at Jericho saw him, they said, The spirit of Elijah doth rest on [settled upon] Elisha. And they came to meet him, and bowed themselves to the ground before him.
2:16)  And they said unto him, Behold now, there be with thy servants fifty strong men; let them go, we pray thee, and seek thy master: lest peradventure the Spirit of the LORD hath taken him up, and cast him upon some mountain, or into some valley. And he said, Ye shall not send.

    This is out of these prophets’ concern for Elijah to be buried with honor on the soil of Israel. It was an honorable and respectful desire on their part, but not in God’s will.


~  1Chronicles  ~

1Chronicles 5:26)  And the God of Israel stirred [opened, awakened] up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.
10:13)  So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it;
12:18)  Then the spirit came upon [wrapped around, clothed] Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

    Surely this should be ‘Spirit’.

28:12)  And the pattern of all [the whole] that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated [as sacred] things:

~  2Chronicles  ~

2Chronicles 9:4)  And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel; his cupbearers also, and their apparel; and his ascent by which he went up into the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her [probably left her breathless].
15:1)  And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded:
18:20)  Then there came out a spirit, and stood before the LORD, and said, I will entice him. And the LORD said unto him, Wherewith?
18:21)  And he said, I will go out, and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And the LORD said, Thou shalt entice him, and thou shalt also prevail: go out, and do even so.
18:22)  Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of these thy prophets, and the LORD hath spoken evil against thee.
18:23)  Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote Micaiah upon the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee?
20:14)  Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation;
21:16)  Moreover the LORD stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near the Ethiopians:
24:20)  And the Spirit of God came upon [wrapped around, clothed] Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, which stood above the people, and said unto them, Thus saith God, Why transgress ye the commandments of the LORD, that ye cannot prosper? because ye have forsaken the LORD, he hath also forsaken you.
33:6)  And he caused his children [sons] to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.

    ‘observed times’ actually is covered secret things.
    ‘enchantments’ are whispered spells.
    ‘witchcraft’ is whisper incantations.
    We dealt above with ‘familiar spirits’ and ‘wizards’.

36:22)  Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up [opened the eyes, awakened] the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,

~  Ezra  ~

Ezra 1:1)  Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,
1:5)  Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all them whose spirit God had raised [opened the eyes, wakened], to go up to build the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem.

~  Nehemiah  ~

Nehemiah 9:20)  Thou gavest also thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst.

    This is ‘thy’ good spirit, which is the Spirit of God.

9:30)  Yet many years didst thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in [in the hand of] thy prophets: yet would they not give ear: therefore gavest thou them into the hand of the people of the lands.

    This is ‘thy’ good spirit, which is the Spirit of God.


~  Job  ~

Job 4:15)  Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up:
6:4)  For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit: the terrors of God do set themselves in array against me.
7:11)  Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
10:12)  Thou hast granted me life and favour, and thy visitation hath preserved my spirit.
15:13) That thou turnest thy spirit against God, and lettest such words go out of thy mouth?
20:3)  I have heard the check [chastisement] of my reproach, and the spirit of my understanding causeth me to answer [to heed].
21:4)  As for me, is my complaint [contemplation] to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled [curtailed, cut back]?
26:4)  To whom hast thou uttered [near to whom has thou confronted with] words? and whose spirit came from [went out from] thee?
26:13)  By his spirit he hath garnished [brightened with garnishments] the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked [fugitive, fleeing] serpent.
27:3)  All the while my breath [stirred spirit or inspiration] is in me, and the spirit of God is in my nostrils;
32:8)  But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration [stirred spirit or inspiration] of the Almighty giveth them understanding [ability to distinguish].
32:18)  For I am full of matter [discourse], the spirit within me [in my belly] constraineth me.
33:4)  The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath [stirred spirit or inspiration] of the Almighty hath given me life.
34:14)  If he set his heart upon [toward] man, if he gather unto [toward] himself his spirit and his breath [stirred spirit or inspiration];

~  Psalms  ~

Psalms 31:5)  Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth.
32:2)  Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.
34:18)  The LORD is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth [set free] such as be of a contrite spirit.
51:10)  Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew [make a new] a right [upright] spirit within me.
51:11)  Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me.

    David speaking: shouldn’t it be ‘Holy Spirit’?

51:12)  Restore [return] unto me the joy of thy salvation [liberty]; and uphold me with thy free spirit [spirit of nobility].
51:17)  The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise [distain, count of little value].
76:12)  He shall cut off the spirit of princes: he is terrible to the kings of the earth.
77:3)  I remembered God, and was troubled [cried aloud]: I complained [pondered within myself], and my spirit was overwhelmed [enshrouded, darkened]. Selah.
77:6)  I call to remembrance my song in the night: I commune with mine own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.
78:8)  And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with [near] God.
104:30)  Thou sendest forth thy spirit [God’s Spirit], they are created: and thou renewest [make new] the face of the earth [soil or ground, land surface].
106:33)  Because they provoked [embittered] his [Moses] spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips [angry, confused, not led of the Lord].
139:7)  Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence?
142:3)  When my spirit was overwhelmed [enshrouded, darkened]  within [over] me, then thou knewest my path. In the way wherein I walked have they privily laid [hid] a snare for me.
143:4)  Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed [enshrouded, darkened] within me; my heart within me is desolate [stunned].
143:7)  Hear me speedily [Heed me, hurry], O LORD: my spirit faileth [is at its end]: hide not thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down into the pit.
143:10)  Teach [Prod] me to do thy will; for thou art my God: thy spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness [level ground, easy walking].

~  Proverbs  ~

Proverbs 1:23)  Turn you at my reproof [Turn back at my chastisement]: behold, I will pour out my spirit [my Spirit] unto you, I will make known my words unto you.
11:13)  A talebearer revealeth secrets [consultations]: but he that is of a faithful spirit [stirred spirit or inspired] concealeth the matter.
14:29)  He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding: but he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly.
15:4)  A wholesome tongue [a tongue that cures instead of destroys] is a tree of life: but perverseness therein is a breach in the spirit.
15:13)  A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance [makes well the face]: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.
16:18)  Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall.
16:19)  Better it is to be of an humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud.
16:32)  He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city.
17:22)  A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones.
17:27)  He that hath knowledge spareth [restrains] his words: and a man of understanding is of an excellent [valuable] spirit.
18:14)  The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?
20:27)  The spirit [stirred spirit, inspiration] of man is the candle [lamp] of the LORD, searching all [the whole] the inward parts [chamber] of the belly.

    God’s stirring of a Christian’s spirit, inspiring the spirit, works like a lamp in the Christian to let him know what he is, for God already knows. But how often do Christians permit God this freedom, for such is scary business.

25:28)  He that hath no rule over his own spirit is like a city that is broken down, and without walls.
29:23)  A man's pride shall bring him low: but honour [honorableness] shall uphold the humble [humbled, made low, depressed] in spirit.

    Even honorable people can become depressed, weighed down. Yet, the honorableness of their hearts tend to uphold them, as God is pleased and gives them much aid.


~  Ecclesiastes  ~

Ecclesiastes 1:14)  I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
1:17)  And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of [together caused me vexation of] spirit.

    That is, gathering of such knowledge either by experience or studying the experience of others caused the writer vexation in his spirit.

2:11)  Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do [in my studies]: and, behold, all was vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no profit [in my labors] under the sun.
2:17)  Therefore I hated life; because the work that is wrought [that the writer wrought] under the sun is grievous unto me: for all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
2:26)  For God giveth to a man that is good in his sight… wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to [that it may be given to] him that is good before God. This also is vanity and vexation of spirit [to the person (like this writer) trying to collect so many things, including trying to collect much wisdom and knowledge on his own].
3:21)  Who knoweth the spirit [the spirit we have been studying] of [the] man that goeth upward [ascends above], and the spirit [animal breath or spirit] of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?
4:4)  Again, I considered all travail [weary toil], and every right [advantageous, successful] work, that for this [success] a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
4:6)  Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit.
4:16)  There is no end of all the people, even of all that have been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice in him. Surely this also is vanity and vexation of spirit.
6:9)  Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of the desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
7:8)  Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.
7:9)  Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.
8:8)  There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death: and there is no discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.
10:4)  If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, leave not thy place; for yielding pacifieth great offences.
11:5)  As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, nor how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God who maketh all.
12:7)  Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.

~  Isaiah  ~

Isaiah 4:4)  When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.
11:2)  And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
19:3)  And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof; and I will destroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers, and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards.
19:14)  The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err [vacillate] in every work thereof, as a drunken man staggereth in his vomit.
26:9)  With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early: for when thy judgments are in the earth [the land], the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.
28:6)  And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in [over] judgment, and for strength [valor] to them that turn the battle to the gate [force the invaders back out through the gate].
29:4)  And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
29:10)  For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.
29:24)  They also that erred [vacillated] in spirit shall come to [know] understanding, and they that murmured [rebelliously] shall learn [be taught] doctrine.
30:1)  Woe to the rebellious children [sons], saith the LORD, that take [make, bring forth] counsel, but not of me; and that cover [anoint] with a covering [libations], but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to sin:
31:3)  Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.
32:15)  Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest.
34:16)  Seek ye out of the book of the LORD, and read [inquire of it]: no one of these shall fail, none shall want her mate: for my mouth it hath commanded, and his spirit it hath gathered them.
38:16)  O Lord, by these things men live, and in all these things is the life of my spirit: so wilt thou recover me, and make me to live.
40:7)  The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass.
40:13)  Who hath directed [measured] the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counsellor hath taught him [or a man seen him so as to know him]?
42:1)  Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
42:5)  Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth [pounded, as in making a sheet of metal] the earth, and that which cometh out of it [produced, fruit or offspring]; he that giveth breath [puff of wind, activating spirit (or Spirit)] unto the people upon [over] it, and spirit to them that walk therein:

    I.e. “Thus saith God the Lord, he that created the heavens and stretched them out; he that pounded out the surface of the land, as well as all that was produced out of (God’s workings); he that had given a puff of spirit (or Spirit) over the people and who gives spirit to them that walk about (in His creative workings).”

44:3)  For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods [rains] upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
48:16)  Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me.
54:6)  For the LORD hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God.
57:15-16)  For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with [near] him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones. For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.
59:19)  So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him.
59:21)  As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.
61:1)  The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;
61:3)  To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
63:10-11)  But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them. Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying, Where is he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where is he that put his holy Spirit within him?
63:14)  As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.
65:14)  Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.
66:2)  For all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith the LORD: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.

~  Jeremiah  ~

Jeremiah 51:11)  Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.

~  Ezekiel  ~

            As mentioned at the beginning of this file, many of the words ‘spirit’ are not capitalized, but I would think that they should be capitalized as they appear in the NIV.
Ezekiel 1:12)  And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; and they turned not when they went.
1:20)  Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither was their spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
1:21)  When those went, these went; and when those stood, these stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
2:2)  And the spirit entered into me when he spake unto me, and set me upon my feet, that I heard him that spake unto me.
3:12)  Then the spirit took me up, and I heard behind me a voice of a great rushing, saying, Blessed be the glory of the LORD from his place.
3:14)  So the spirit lifted me up, and took me away, and I went in bitterness, in the heat of my spirit; but the hand of the LORD was strong upon me.
3:24)  Then the spirit entered into me, and set me upon my feet, and spake with me, and said unto me, Go, shut thyself within thine house.
8:3)  And he put forth the form of an hand, and took me by a lock of mine head; and the spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven, and brought me in the visions of God to Jerusalem, to the door of the inner gate that looketh toward the north; where was the seat of the image of jealousy, which provoketh to jealousy.
10:17)  When they stood, these stood; and when they were lifted up, these lifted up themselves also: for the spirit of the living creature was in them.
11:1)  Moreover the spirit lifted me up, and brought me unto the east gate of the LORD'S house, which looketh eastward: and behold at the door of the gate five and twenty men; among whom I saw Jaazaniah the son of Azur, and Pelatiah the son of Benaiah, princes of the people.
11:5)  And the Spirit of the LORD fell upon me, and said unto me, Speak; Thus saith the LORD; Thus have ye said, O house of Israel: for I know the things that come into your mind, every one of them.
11:19)  And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh:
11:24)  Afterwards the spirit took me up, and brought me in a vision by the Spirit of God into Chaldea, to them of the captivity. So the vision that I had seen went up from me.
13:3)  Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!
18:31)  Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
21:7)  And it shall be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou? that thou shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak as water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the Lord GOD.
36:26)  A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
36:27)  And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.
37:1)  The hand of the LORD was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones,
37:14)  And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, saith the LORD.
39:29)  Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.
43:5)  So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house.

~  Daniel  ~

Daniel 2:1)  And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, wherewith his spirit was troubled, and his sleep brake from him.
2:3)  And the king said unto them, I have dreamed a dream, and my spirit was troubled to know the dream.
4:8)  But at the last Daniel came in before me, whose name was Belteshazzar, according to the name of my god, and in whom is the spirit of the holy gods: and before him I told the dream, saying,
4:9)  O Belteshazzar, master of the magicians, because I know that the spirit of the holy gods is in thee, and no secret troubleth thee, tell me the visions of my dream that I have seen, and the interpretation thereof.
4:18)  This dream I king Nebuchadnezzar have seen. Now thou, O Belteshazzar, declare the interpretation thereof, forasmuch as all the wise men of my kingdom are not able to make known unto me the interpretation: but thou art able; for the spirit of the holy gods is in thee.
5:11)  There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom is the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, I say, thy father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers;
5:12)  Forasmuch as an excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, and shewing of hard sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the same Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar: now let Daniel be called, and he will shew the interpretation.
5:14)  I have even heard of thee, that the spirit of the gods is in thee, and that light and understanding and excellent wisdom is found in thee.
6:3)  Then this Daniel was preferred above the presidents and princes, because an excellent spirit was in him; and the king thought to set him over the whole realm.
7:15)  I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of my body, and the visions of my head troubled me.

~  Hosea  ~

Hosea 4:12)  My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
5:4)  They will not frame their doings to turn unto their God: for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD.

~  Joel  ~

Joel 2:28-29)  And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

~  Micah  ~

Micah 2:7)  O thou that art named the house of Jacob, is the spirit of the LORD straitened? are these his doings? do not my words do good to him that walketh uprightly?
2:11)  If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, saying, I will prophesy unto thee of wine and of strong drink; he shall even be the prophet of this people.
3:8)  But truly I am full of power [force] by the spirit of the LORD, and of judgment, and of might, to declare unto Jacob his transgression, and to Israel his sin.

~  Haggai  ~

Haggai 1:14)  And the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and did work in the house of the LORD of hosts, their God,
2:5)  According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not.

~  Zechariah  ~

Zechariah 4:6)  Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power [force], but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.
6:8)  Then cried he upon me, and spake unto me, saying, Behold, these that go toward the north country have quieted my spirit in the north country.
7:12)  Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the LORD of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the LORD of hosts.
12:1)  The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.
12:10)  And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.
13:2)  And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, that I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land, and they shall no more be remembered: and also I will cause the prophets and the unclean spirit to pass out of the land.

~  Malachi  ~

Malachi 2:15)  And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.
2:16)  For the LORD, the God of Israel, saith that he hateth putting away: for one covereth violence with his garment, saith the LORD of hosts: therefore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not treacherously.

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